Dr. Kenneth Wald
Email: kenwald@ufl.edu
Fall, 2012
Department of Political Science
Tuesday, 5th-7th periods
303 Anderson Hall
FLG 275
Hours: Monday, 12:00-3:00 or by appointment Section 09G0

"When I was a grad student, I was not at all interested in religion because it was so obvious -- all the major intellectuals knew -- it was dropping off the map. Why waste your time on something that maybe 20, 30 years from now won't even be there; so why bother? That was colossally wrong, as we all now know."
Ronald Inglehart, "Is There a Global Resurgence of Religion?"

"Mother went to church the way some ladies go to basketball games, to be sociable, not because they care who wins, and that’s how Mother felt about the gospel of the Lord—it was for other people to agonize over. What she cared about was being with Gladys and Margaret and Florence and feeding the hungry and covering the chilly with warm quilts."   —Garrison Keillor, Pontoon (2007)

Subject: As Ronald Inglehart observes, religion was once considered an archaic force destined to wither away as nations underwent rapid economic development. Like Mark Twain, reports of religion's death proved greatly exaggerated and religion has gained renewed interest as a factor in contemporary political life. Political Science, a discipline once largely dismissive of religion as a factor in contemporary public life, has lately atoned for this sin by investing heavily in the study of religion as a political force. This seminar introduces the major social scientific theories of religion and applies them to understanding the interaction between religion and political life. Given the breadth of research conducted under this heading, the seminar can only scratch the surface. The major goal is to acquaint you with the theories, concepts, and measures used to make sense of religion in politics so that you can employ these tools in your own research and teaching. You'll note that the syllabus is arranged thematically rather than by geography, time period, or some other scheme. The course is distinctive in three ways: (1) It is intended primarily as a review of relevant literature. (2) It does not focus on normative questions. (3) It is conceived as a comparative enterprise with the goal of speaking across the traditional divisions within the discipline and borrowing heavily from other scholarly disciplines where appropriate.

Course Format: The course will include a mixture of lectures and student-led discussion. Your grade will have four components:

As will be explained in more detail below, this course utilizes the electronic course reserve service offered by the George A. Smathers Libraries. Under the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act, students with disabilities have the right to equal access, use and benefit of the course materials that have been placed on reserve in the Libraries. Students who have registered with the University of Florida Disability Resource Center should initiate their request for assistance and accommodation in accessing these materials.

Readings: I have ordered copies of the following paperback books:
Daniel Pals, Eight Theories of Religion. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 2006.

Christian Smith, ed. Disruptive Religion: the Force of Faith in Social Movement Activism. Routledge, 1996.

Americanists might also want to skim my Religion and Politics in the United States (6th edition, Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) and consult the  Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Politics (Oxford University Press, 2009) or the Routledge Handbook of Religion and Politics (Routledge 2009). There are three very useful websites that I monitor frequently and I can recommend  to you. The first, maintained by the Pew Forum on Religion in American Life, is probably the single best site to keep up to date with new developments in the world of religion and (mostly) American politics. I also recommend The Immanent Frame, a blog maintained by the Social Science Research Council that attracts stimulating observations, discussions, insights and other contributions from a diverse group of academic commentators. The Association of Religious Data Archives (ARDA) is much more than its name suggests and is fast becoming the first place researchers consult. Its "Religion Research Hub" is especially valuable.

Most of the readings are available on-line through the link that is indicated. If you find an article with a broken link, please inform me by email as soon as possible. For access to most online articles, you will be required either to be on the UF network or to be logged in remotely to the UF Library through VPN or a proxy server. Book chapters will be available through the ARES. In the past, you could log into ARES either with the proxy server or VPN but instructors have been told that the proxy server may no longer work for reserve materials so you will need an active VPN connection to get to the automated reserves from outside the UF network. Once you have that VPN connection set up, click on the chapter link and you will be able to connect to the class page and download the PDF file. Again, let me know of any problems you encounter so I can fix them.


Week 1 (August 28) - Orientation and Overview

Week 2 (September 4) - Social Science Approaches to Religion

Key Theories & Concepts
Pals, Eight Theories, chaps. 2
(Freud), 3 (Durkheim), 4 (Marx), 5 (Weber), 8 (Geertz)
Larry Iannaccone, "Vodoo Economics: Reviewing the Rational Choice Approach to Religion," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34 (March, 1995), 76-88

Conceptualizing and Defining Religion
Don Yoder, "Toward a Definition of Folk Religion," Western Folklore 33 (1974), 2-15
Adam B. Cohen et al., "Social Versus Individual Motivation: Implications for Normative Definitions of Religious Orientation," Personality and Social Psychology Review 9 (2005), 48-61 
Kenneth D. Wald and Corwin E. Smidt, "Measurement Strategies in .. . Religion & Politics," in Rediscovering the Religious Factor in American Politics (Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe, 1993), 26-49.

Political Science Perspectives
Kenneth D. Wald and Clyde Wilcox, "Has Political Science Rediscovered the Faith Factor?" APSR 100 (2006), 523-529

Week 3 (September 11) - Cultural Models I: Theoretical Perspectives  [Disc. Forster]

Kenneth D. Wald, Adam Silverman and Kevin Fridy, "Making Sense of Religion in Public Life," Annual Review of Political Science 8 (2005), 121-143
Aaron Wildavsky, "Choosing Preferences by Constructing Institutions: A Cultural Theory of Preference Formation," APSR 81 (1987): 3-21.
Josh Adams and Vincent Roscigno, "White Supremacists,Oppositional Culture and the World Wide Web," Social Forces 84 (2005), 759-778
Ann Swidler, "Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies," American Sociological Review 51 (1986), 273-286.

Kenneth D. Wald and David C. Leege, "Culture, Religion and American Political Life," Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009),129-63

Week 4 (September 18) - Cultural Models II: Case Studies of Religion and Political Conflict  [Disc. Perdue]

Nash, Rituals of Resistance in Bolivia (chapter 4 in Smith)
Nepstad, Popular Religion in Nicaragua and Salvador (chapter 5 in Smith)
Galia Sabar Friedman, "The Power of the Familiar: Everyday Practices in the Anglican Church of Kenya (CPK)," Journal of Church and State 38 (1996), 377-395

Brian K. Clardy, "Deconstructing a Theology of Defiance: Black Preaching and the Politics of Racial Identity." Journal of Church and State 53 (2011): 203-221.

Week 5 (September 25) - Organizational Theories (resource mobilization) [Disc. Puckett]

Morris, Black Church in the Civil Rights Movement (chapter 1 in Smith)
Salehi, Islamic Insurgency in Iran (chapter 2 in Smith)
James Findlay, "Religion and Politics in the Sixties: The Churches and the Civil Rights Act of 1964," Journal of American History 77 (1990): 66-93.
Gregory A. Smith, "The Influence of Priests on the Political Attitudes of Roman Catholics," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44 (2005), 291-306
Sidney Verba et al., "Race, Ethnicity and Political Resources: Participation in the United States," British Journal of Political Science 23 (1993): 453-497.

Week 6
(October 2) - Structural Theories (political opportunity structure) [Disc. Blumenthal, Hudson]

Borer, Church Leadership in South African anti-apartheid movement (chapter 6 in Smith)

Timothy Byrnes,Catholic Bishops in American Politics, chaps. 3-4 (pp. 35-67)

Christian Smith and Liesl Haas, "Revolutionary Evangelicals in Nicaragua," JSSR 36 (1997), 440-454.
Ronald Kaye, "The Politics of Religious Slaughter of Animals: Strategies for Ethno-Religious Political Action," New Community 19 (1993), 235-250.
Anthony Gill and Erik Lundsgaarde, "State Welfare Spending and Religiosity," Rationality & Society 16 (2004): 399-436.
Esther Kaplan, "Follow the Money," Nation, November 1, 2004, 20-3

---Midterm will be distributed on October 2nd and is due back in class on October 9th ---

Week 7 (October 9) - Individual-Level Psychological and Sociological Factors [Disc. Asim, Rowe]

Gordon Allport and James Ross, "Personal Religious Orientation and Prejudice," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5 (1967): 432-443.
James M. Glaser,  "Toward an Explanation of the Racial Liberalism of American Jews," Political Research Quarterly 50 (1997), 437-458.
Laura A. Reese, Ronald E. Brown & James David Ivers, "Some Children See Him...: Political Participation and the Black Christ," Political Behavior 20 (2007),
Williams and Blackburn, Operation Rescue (chapter 8 in Smith)

Kristi Andersen, "Sources of Pro-Family Belief," Political Psychology 9 (1988): 229-243
Brian Robert Calfano and Paul A. Djupe, "God Talk : Religious Cues and Electoral Support," Political Research Quarterly 62 (2009) 329-339.
Ann Page and Donald Clelland, "The Kanawha County Textbook Controversy: A Study in Alienation and Lifestyle Concern," Social Forces 57 (1978): 265-281

Week 8
(October 16) - Contextual and Group Influence (social networks, interpersonal influence) [Disc. Stringer]

Kenneth D. Wald, Dennis Owen and Samuel S. Hill, "Churches as Political Communities," American Political Science Review 82 (1988): 531-548
Jerome Himmelstein, "The Social Bases of Antifeminism: Religious Networks and Culture," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 25, no. 1 (1986): 1-15.

Michael Welch and David Leege, "Dual Reference Groups and Political Orientations: An Examination of Evangelically Oriented Catholics," American Journal of Political Science 35 (1991): 28-56.
Robert Wuthnow & Valerie Lewis, "Religion & Altruistic U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Evidence From a National Survey" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 47 (2008): 191-209.
David Campbell, "Acts of Faith: Churches and Political Engagement," Political Behavior 26 (2004), 155-80:

Week 9 (October 23) -   Religion and Globalization [Disc. Alkazemi]

Daniel Philpott, "Has the Study of Global Politics Found Religion?" Annual Review of Political Science 12 (2009), 183–202
Jeff Haynes, "Transnational Religious Actors and International Politics," Third World Quarterly 22 (2001), 143-158
Kevin Warr, "The Normative Promise of Religious Organizations in Global Civil Society," Journal of Church and State 41: (1999), 499-524
Kenneth Wald and Michael Martinez, "Jewish Religiosity and Political Attitudes in the United States and Israel," Political Behavior 23 (2001), 377-397.
Larissa Baia, "Rethinking Transnationalism: Reconstructing National Identities among Peruvian Catholics in New Jersey," Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 41 (1999), 93-110

Week 10
(October 30) -  Religion, State and Nation [Disc. Link, Valentin]

Jonathan Fox, "World Separation of Religion and State into the 21st Century," Comparative Political Studies 39 (2006), 537-69
Charles M. North and Carl R. Gwin, "Religious Freedom and the Unintended Consequences of State Religion," Southern Economic Journal 71 (2004), 103-17
Michael Angrosino, "Civil Religion Redux," Anthropological Quarterly 75 (2002), 239-67
Merlin Gustafson, "The Religious Role of the President," Midwest Journal of Political Science 14 (1970), 708-722
Ivan Iveković, "Nationalism and the Use and Abuse of Religion: The Politicization of Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Islam in Yugoslav Successor States," Social Compass 49 (2002), 523-36

Gunes Tezcur, Taghi Azadarmaki, and Mehri Baharm, "Religious Participation Among Muslims: Iranian Exceptionalism." Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies 15 (2006): 217-232

Week 11 (November 6) -  Religion and Democracy [Disc. Moczygemba, Oztas]

Charles S. Liebman, "Extremism as a Religious Norm," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 22 (1983): 75-86
Aho, Popular Christianity and Extremism (chapter 9 in Smith)
Brad J. Bushman et al., "When God Sanctions Killing: Effect of Scriptural Violence on Aggression," Psychological Science 18 (2007), 204-207
Joel S. Fetzer, "Religious Minorities and Support for Immigrant Rights in the United States, France, and Germany," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 37 (1998), 41-49.
Stathis N. Kalyvas, "Democracy and Religious Politics: Evidence from Belgium," Comparative Political Studies 31 (1998) 292-320.
Newton J. Gaskill, "Rethinking Protestantism and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America," Sociology of Religion 58 (1997), 69-91.

Week 12 (November 13) - Secularism [Disc. Barker]

Jeffrey Hadden, "Toward Desacralizing Secularization Theory," Social Forces 65 (1987), 587-611
Ahmet Kuru, "Passive and Aggressive Secularism," World Politics 59 (2007), 568-594
Eva Garroutte, "The Positivist Attack on Baconian Science . . .in The Secular Revolution (Berkeley,: Univ. of California Press, 2003), 197-215
Stephen Mockabee, Kenneth D. Wald & David C. Leege, Is There a Religious Left? (2009)
Ruth Braunstein, "Storytelling in Liberal Religious Advocacy." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51 (2012): 110-127.

Week 13
(November 20) - Paper conferences

Week 14 (November 27) - Paper Presentations I

Week 15 (December 4) - Paper Presentations II